The GHFM-02 follows the trusted steady-state approach with the addition of a guard to limit the effects of lateral heat loss. This design allows the testing of a wide range of materials with low to medium thermal conductivity. Measures thermal conductivity and thermal resistance.

Best For **Metals, Polymers, and Composites**

#### ASTM E1530-19

Standard Test

Method

#### 20°C To 30°C

Temperature

Range

The sample is subjected to a steady-state through-thickness temperature gradient and the thermal conductivity is obtained by measuring the temperature difference across it and one additional reference temperature.

Theory and Features

Once steady-state temperature across the sample is achieved, the Fourier law equation can be applied. It can readily be shown that for any solid sample, the ratio RS (m2 K/W), equal to the thickness of the sample, d (m), to its thermal conductivity, λ (W/mK), can be obtained from the temperatures measured:

The above equation is linear in form and is the working equation of the instrument. Constants *F* (m^{2} K/W) and *R*_{int} (m^{2} K/W), can be obtained by calibration of the instrument. To this effect, calibration samples of known thermal conductivity and hence, thermal resistance is employed. Calibrated results for thermal resistance and thermal conductivity are reported.

- Follows international standard ASTM E1530-19
- Economical and Accurate
- Easy to use
- Variable Thickness

Specification

Materials | Metals, Polymers and Composites |

Measurement Capabilities | Through-Thickness |

Thermal Resistance | 0.00007 to 0.25 m^{2} K/W |

Thermal Conductivity | 0.1 to 15 W/mK |

Measurement Time | Typically 30-60 minutes |

Reproducibility | 2% |

Accuracy | 5% |

Temperature | 20°C – 30°C |

Sample Diameter | 50.8 mm / 2 in. |

Maximum Thickness | 25.4 mm / 1 in. |

Standards | ASTM E1530-19 |

Testing Stack and Calibration

##### Standard GHFM-02 Testing Stack

The GHFM-02 comes with a standard 50.8 mm (2 inches) diameter sample opening to allow testing of metals, polymers and composite materials. Sample thickness can vary up to 25.4 mm (1 inch). Typically a 20°C temperature delta from top to bottom of the sample is set to a mean temperature of 20°C to 30°C. Temperature points *T*_{U} , *T*_{L} and *T*_{H} are then entered into the included GHFM software for auto calculation of thermal resistance and calibrated thermal conductivity results.

##### Calibration

The basic GHFM-02 comes calibrated to calculate thermal conductivity from thermal resistance range of 0.0032 to 0.1270 m^{2} K/W. Additional available calibration ranges allow testing from 0.00007 to 0.25 m^{2} K/W.

Sample Measurements

##### The Sample

GHFM-02 samples should be 50.8 mm or 2 inches in diameter. The top and bottom surfaces should be flat and parallel.

Approximate Time: < 1 minute

##### Place Sample on GHFM-02 Testing Stack

A thin layer of the included contact paste should be added to the top and bottom of the sample surface.

Approximate Time: < 2 minutes

##### Measurement

For a sample mean temperature of 25°C, the top heater should be set to 35°C, while the bottom heat sink chiller – circulator set to 15°C to achieve a delta temperature of 20°C.

Approximate Time: < 2 minutes

##### Result Calculations

Once stable, temperatures from upper temperature (TU), lower temperature (TL), and heat sink temperature (TH) are then entered into the GHFM-02 software for auto calculation of thermal resistance, and calibrated thermal conductivity results.

Approximate Time: < 60 minutes

Applications

##### 3D Printed Materials

Measuring the thermal conductivity of 3D printed filament materials